Confocal laser scanning microscopy in cytopathology.

H. Sasano, F. Date, Yuko Itakura, Y. Goukon, T. Nishihira, H. Nagura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)


Confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM) has become an exciting new instrument with rapidly expanding potential for application to the morphological examination. As an initial step of examining the possible values or potentials of CLSM observations in diagnostic pathology materials, we applied CLSM to the analysis of immunolocalization of proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA), p53 and cytokeratin, and eosin and DNA fluorochrome propidium (PI) stain in cell smears obtained from 20 cases of squamous cell carcinoma of the esophagus. Superior contrasts and resolution were obtained in confocal images than in nonconfocal ones in immunocytochemistry, eosin, and PI stain. In immunocytochemistry, CLSM demonstrated subcellular localization of antigens examined, cytokeratin as coarse and fine intracytoplasmic fibers, PCNA as diffuse intranuclear localization, and p53 as heterogeneous intranuclear localization which appeared to be associated with chromatin structure. Optical sectioning of a specimen by the rejection of out-of-focus noise revealed three dimensional structure of cell clusters of squamous cell carcinoma. With eosin and PI as dyes for stain, three dimensional structures of any clusters on cell smears can be obtained. CLSM has vast potentials in the analysis of diagnostic cytology materials, including immunocytochemistry.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)625-629
Number of pages5
JournalModern pathology : an official journal of the United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology, Inc
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1993 Sep

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine


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