The influence of reduced anterior disc displacement on condylar motion has not been fully examined in young adults. Reduced anterior disc displacement was hypothesized to inhibit condylar motion. Using a six-degrees-of-freedom jaw-tracking system, we recorded bilateral condylar motion during maximum open-close jaw movement and gum-chewing on both sides in ten young adults with unilateral reduced anterior disc displacement and in ten control subjects without temporomandibular disorders. The bilateral condylar motion during both maximum open-close jaw movement and chewing on the disc-displacement side was inhibited in the test group. The condylar motion on the disc-displacement side during chewing on the non-disc-displacement side was also inhibited in the test group. These results suggest that the limitation of condylar motion on the disc-displacement side may influence condylar motion on the non-disc-displacement side during maximum open-close jaw movement, and mastication on the disc-displacement side in young adults.
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