Conditions and mechanism of formation of nano-polycrystalline diamonds on direct transformation from graphite and non-graphitic carbon at high pressure and temperature

H. Sumiya, H. Yusa, T. Inoue, H. Ofuji, T. Irifune

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

52 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The conditions and mechanism of formation of nano-polycrystalline diamonds directly from graphite and non-graphitic carbon (carbon black, glassy carbon, C 60 and carbon nanotubes) at high pressure and high temperature have been investigated. The onset temperature for diamond formation at P ≥ q 15 GPa is 1500-1600 °C for all carbon materials, although the required temperature conditions for pure polycrystalline diamond are T ≥ q 2200 °C for graphite and T ≥ q 1600 °C for non-graphitic carbon. Polycrystalline diamond forms as a result of simultaneous diffusion and two-step martensitic processes from graphite, whereas it forms only due to diffusion without graphitization or formation of intermediate phases from non-graphitic carbon. Nano-polycrystalline diamonds consisting only of very fine particles(<10nm in size) can be obtained from non-graphitic carbon at T ∼ 1600-2000 °C under pressures ≥15 GPa.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)63-69
Number of pages7
JournalHigh Pressure Research
Volume26
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006 Jun 1
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Diamond
  • Direct conversion
  • High pressure
  • Nano-polycrystalline

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics

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