Concurrent and robust regulation of feeding behaviors and metabolism by orexin neurons

Ayumu Inutsuka, Azusa Inui, Sawako Tabuchi, Tomomi Tsunematsu, Michael Lazarus, Akihiro Yamanaka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

87 Citations (Scopus)


Orexin neurons in the hypothalamus regulate energy homeostasis by coordinating various physiological responses. Past studies have shown the role of the orexin peptide itself; however, orexin neurons contain not only orexin but also other neurotransmitters such as glutamate and dynorphin. In this study, we examined the physiological role of orexin neurons in feeding behavior and metabolism by pharmacogenetic activation and chronic ablation. We generated novel orexin-Cre mice and utilized Cre-dependent adeno-associated virus vectors to express Gq-coupled modified GPCR, hM3Dq or diphtheria toxin fragment A in orexin neurons. By intraperitoneal injection of clozapine-N oxide in orexin-Cre mice expressing hM3Dq in orexin neurons, we could selectively manipulate the activity of orexin neurons. Pharmacogenetic stimulation of orexin neurons simultaneously increased locomotive activity, food intake, water intake and the respiratory exchange ratio (RER). Elevation of blood glucose levels and RER persisted even after locomotion and feeding behaviors returned to basal levels. Accordantly, 83% ablation of orexin neurons resulted in decreased food and water intake, while 70% ablation had almost no effect on these parameters. Our results indicate that orexin neurons play an integral role in regulation of both feeding behavior and metabolism. This regulation is so robust that greater than 80% of orexin neurons were ablated before significant changes in feeding behavior emerged.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)451-460
Number of pages10
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Oct
Externally publishedYes


  • Feeding
  • Hypothalamus
  • Metabolism
  • Orexin
  • Pharmacogenetics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience


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