EFdA (4'-ethynyl-2-fluoro-2'-deoxyadenosine), a nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor with extremely potent anti-HIV activity, was concisely synthesized from (R)-glyceraldehyde acetonide in an 18% overall yield by a 12-step sequence involving highly diastereoselective ethynylation of an α-alkoxy ketone intermediate. The present synthesis is superior, both in overall yield and in the number of steps, to the previous one which required 18 steps from an expensive starting material and resulted in a modest overall yield of 2.5%.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Analytical Chemistry
- Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
- Molecular Biology
- Organic Chemistry