Concept of a self-pressurized feed system for liquid rocket engines and its fundamental experiment results

Jun Matsumoto, Shunichi Okaya, Hiroshi Igoh, Junichiro Kawaguchi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


A new propellant feed system referred to as a self-pressurized feed system is proposed for liquid rocket engines. The self-pressurized feed system is a type of gas-pressure feed system; however, the pressurization source is retained in the liquid state to reduce tank volume. The liquid pressurization source is heated and gasified using heat exchange from the hot propellant using a regenerative cooling strategy. The liquid pressurization source is raised to critical pressure by a pressure booster referred to as a charger in order to avoid boiling and improve the heat exchange efficiency. The charger is driven by a part of the generated pressurization gas using a closed-loop self-pressurized feed system. The purpose of this study is to propose a propellant feed system that is lighter and simpler than traditional gas pressure feed systems. The proposed system can be applied to all liquid rocket engines that use the regenerative cooling strategy. The concept and mathematical models of the self-pressurized feed system are presented first. Experiment results for verification are then shown and compared with the mathematical models.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)166-176
Number of pages11
JournalActa Astronautica
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Apr 1
Externally publishedYes


  • Propellant feed system
  • Supercritical state
  • Vapor-liquid equilibrium

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aerospace Engineering


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