Concentration variations of tropospheric carbon dioxide over the Antarctic region

Shohei Murayama, Takakiyo Nakazawa, Shuhji Aoki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Aircraft measurements of the atmospheric CO 2 concentration have been made over Syowa Station, Antarctica since 1983. The minimum concentration of the average seasonal CO 2 cycle appears in March throughout the troposphere, while the maximum concentration occurs in mid-August in the upper troposphere and in late September in the middle and lower troposphere. The peak-to-peak amplitude of the seasonal cycle decreases with height. The CO 2 concentration increases with height during most of the year; however, this height dependency is larger from summer to early winter than in the remaining seasons. The average concentration difference between the upper troposphere and the ground surface is about 0.3 ppmv. From comparisons with the results of the ground-based and aircraft measurements at southern middle and high latitudes and trajectory analysis, it is hypothesized that the seasonal cycle of height-dependent atmospheric transport processes could influence the seasonal cycle and the vertical distribution of the CO 2 concentration over Syowa Station.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)191-201
Number of pages11
JournalAntarctic Record
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1997 Dec 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aquatic Science
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)


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