Computed tomographic image comparison between mediastinal and lung windows provides possible prognostic information in patients with small peripheral lung adenocarcinoma

Boming Dong, Masami Sato, Motoyasu Sagawa, Chiaki Endo, Katsuo Usuda, Akira Sakurada, Shulin Wu, Takeshi Oyaizu, Itaru Ishida, Masashi Handa, Takashi Kondo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives: The purpose of this study was to determine whether the ratio of the area of the mediastinal computed tomographic image to that of the lung computed tomographic image can be a prognostic factor of small peripheral lung adenocarcinoma. Methods: We studied the computed tomographic images of 143 patients with primary peripheral lung adenocarcinoma of 30 mm or less in maximum diameter. Two groups were categorized according to the tumor's ratio of the area of the mediastinal computed tomographic image to that of the lung computed tomographic image (tumor's area in the mediastinal computed tomographic image/tumor's area in lung computed tomographic image × 100%), both faint density-type (<50%) and solid-type images (≥50%). Clinical factors and prognoses of the 2 groups were analyzed. Results: There were 58 patients with the solid-type tumor image and 85 patients with the faint density-type tumor image. The number of patients with tumor size of less than 20 mm in the faint density-type tumor group (n = 30) was significantly higher than that in the solid-type tumor group (n = 8, P = .008). The 5-year survival of patients with faint density-type tumors was 74.1%, whereas that in patients with solid-type tumors was 54.2% (P = .013). Furthermore, the survival curve of patients with the solid-type computed tomographic image combined with ground-glass opacity was similar to that of patients with the faint density-type image. Multivariate analysis revealed the prognostic influence of the ratio of the area of the mediastinal computed tomographic image to that of the lung computed tomographic image on survival (P = .029, relative risk = 0.48) and showed to be of second highest influence after the N factor. Conclusions: It is suggested that the ratio of the area of the mediastinal computed tomographic image to that of the lung computed tomographic image can be a prognostic factor in patients with small peripheral lung adenocarcinoma.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1014-1020
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Volume124
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2002 Nov 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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