Computational flow visualization in vibrating flow pump type artificial heart by unstructured grid

Takuma Kato, Satoyuki Kawano, Kazuhiro Nakahashi, Tomoyuki Yambe, Shin Ichi Nitta, Hiroyuki Hashimoto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Computational flow visualization in the casing of vibrating flow pump (VFP) was made for various conditions based on the novel techniques of fluid dynamics. VFP type artificial heart can generate the oscillated flow and can be applied to the left ventricular assist device. Flow pattern of blood in an artificial heart is closely connected to mechanical performance and serious biomechanical problems such as hemolysis and blood coagulation. To effectively design the VFP for a left ventricular assist device, the numerical codes for solving Navier-Stokes equations were developed for three-dimensional blood flow based on the finite volume method. Furthermore, the simulation techniques based on the artificial compressibility method and the unstructured grid were also developed here. The numerical calculations were based on the precise configurations and the flow conditions of the prototype device. From the viewpoint of computational fluid dynamics (CFD), the detailed discussion of flow patterns in the casing of VFP, which were closely connected with hemolysis and blood coagulation, was made and the computational results were visualized by the use of the recent technique of computational graphics. Some useful design data of VFP were presented.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)41-48
Number of pages8
JournalArtificial Organs
Volume27
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2003 Jan 29

Keywords

  • Computational fluid dynamics
  • Navier-Stokes equations
  • Three-dimensional flow visualization
  • Ventricular assist device
  • Vibrating flow pump

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Biomaterials
  • Biomedical Engineering

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