Following the introduction of a new multislice computed tomography (MSCT) scanner, it has become possible to produce high-speed CT angiography (CTA), the preferred method for imaging in emergent abdominal vascular conditions. Unlike catheter angiography, multislice CTA not only depicts the vessels but also allows perfusion in adjacent organs to be assessed. To make the most effective diagnostic use of multi-detector row CTA and three-dimensional image post-processing, radiologists must be familiar with the optimal CTA protocols and the typical CT findings in various emergent vascular conditions using computational flow dynamics (CFD). This article describes a technical approach to estimating the blood flow state of human abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) in more detail by constructing realistic three-dimensional (3D) vessel models using CFD methods, focusing on pre- and postoperative cases.
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