Time-dependent computational simulations on cavity filling process by cold gas dynamic spray and powder jet deposition process ranging from microscale to macroscale were carried out in order to give an insight for their advanced applications to joining, crack repair, and dental treatment. Shock wave appears in front of the substrate due to underexpansion of jet and in-flight particles interact with the shock wave before their impact. The relation between shock wave, cavity configuration, and particle in-flight behavior in supersonic jet has been discussed in detail. Based on numerical and experimental studies, it was found that when the shock wave covers up the cylindrical cavity, the cavity cannot be filled at all by deposited powders. Moreover, under the condition of shock wave appearing inside the cylindrical cavity, conical deposition was formed due to the secondary back flow jet along the cavity side wall. By adopting conical cavity, cavity can be filled completely resulting from the suppression of the secondary back flow jet along the cavity side wall.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Journal of Fluids Engineering, Transactions of the ASME|
|Publication status||Published - 2010 Feb 1|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Mechanical Engineering