Comprehensive analysis of external dependency in terms of material criticality by employing total material requirement: Sulfuric acid production in Japan as a case study

Shoki Kosai, Seiji Hashimoto, Kazuyo Matsubae, Benjamin McLellan, Eiji Yamasue

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Securing stable material supply is of paramount importance since materials are fundamental to the economy and human well-being. The domestic production to consumption ratio has conventionally been utilized as a main index for external dependency in terms of material supply security and its criticality. However, the conventional approach confines its application to raw materials, which potentially risks reaching short-sighted conclusions in the policy-making process. Beyond the conventional analysis of external dependency, the development of a more applicable approach for every material is of paramount importance to consider the diversification of external dependency more comprehensively and to aid the analysis of overall material criticality. As such, this paper establishes a new methodology for analyzing external dependency related to every material and product by using the concept of total material requirement (TMR). Applying the methodology, the external dependency of sulfuric acid production in Japan is evaluated as a case study. Previously unexamined elements associated with external dependency in the conventional approach are revealed by this new comprehensive approach. The new approach may be of use to policymakers in designing more sophisticated and well-grounded material securement policy.

Original languageEnglish
Article number114
JournalMinerals
Volume8
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Mar 12

Keywords

  • Country concentration
  • Criticality
  • External dependency
  • Mining
  • Supply risk
  • Total material requirement

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology
  • Geology

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