Complement-induced thrombus formation on the surface of poly(N-vinylpyrpolidone)-grafted polyethylene

H. Fukumura, K. Hayashi, S. Yoshikawa, M. Miya, N. Yamamoto, I. Yamashita

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The role of complement activation in thrombogenesis was investigated on the surface of hydrophilic monomer-graft copolymerized polyethylene (PE) tubes. N-vinylpyrrolidone (NVP)-grafted tubes activated in an in vitro complement system of canine serum; but no activation occurred in 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate (HEMA)-grafted tubes. The relative patent time for NVP-grafted tubes implanted in canine peripheral veins was shorter than that for HEMA-grafted tubes and adhesion of numerous leucocytes was observed on the luminal surfaces of the NVP-grafted tubes. Decomplementation by prior administration of cobra venom factor elongated the relative patent time for NVP-grafted tubes only and also inhibited the adhesion of leucocytes onto them. These results suggest that the complement activation participates in thrombus formation on the polymer surfaces in canine veins.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)74-76
Number of pages3
JournalBiomaterials
Volume8
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1987 Jan

Keywords

  • 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate
  • N-vinylpyrrolidone
  • Polymers
  • biocompatibility
  • complement
  • graft-copolymerization
  • thrombogenesis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Biophysics
  • Biomaterials
  • Mechanics of Materials

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Complement-induced thrombus formation on the surface of poly(N-vinylpyrpolidone)-grafted polyethylene'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this