Complement activation by polymer binding IgG

T. Uchida, a. Hosaka, Y. Murao

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    17 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    It was found that immobilized IgG on polymer carriers activates complement on contact with the serum. As polymers were microspherical in this study, complement fragments bound to polymers were detected by the agglutination of the polymer microspheres with the corresponding antisera or rosette formation with cells having complement receptors. Without the immobilization of IgG, polymers having amino, carboxyl cyano or phenyl groups activated complement in the serum, while the presence of hydroxyl and carbamoyl groups in polymers did not cause complement activation. When intact IgG was bound to polyfglyceryl methacrylate) by the use of glutaraldehyde, the IgG-polymer conjugate activated complement in spite of the inertness of the polymer itself. The polymers immobilizing F(ab′)2 activated complement less than the polymers immobilizing intact IgG. When dextran aldehyde prepared by periodate oxidation of dextran was used as a binder instead of glutaraldehyde, complement activation by F(ab′)2-polymer conjugate was remarkably reduced, though antibody activity for binding the antigen remained. These results should be taken into consideration in the design of an immunosorption therapy.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)281-283
    Number of pages3
    JournalBiomaterials
    Volume5
    Issue number5
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1984 Sep

    Keywords

    • IgG
    • Polymer
    • antibody
    • complement
    • dextran
    • microsphere

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Bioengineering
    • Ceramics and Composites
    • Biophysics
    • Biomaterials
    • Mechanics of Materials

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