The low density lipoprotein receptor (LDLR) regulates the plasma cholesterol level by mediating endocytosis of LDL. We established stable hamster cell lines expressing two LDLRs with distinct functional defects, i.e., endocytosis and ligand binding. In the cell line expressing only I189D h/r (human-rat chimeric) LDLR, defective in LDL binding, very little amount of LDL was internalized, although the receptor was endocytosed efficiently. In the cell line expressing Y807C LDLR solely, very few receptors were located in coated pits or endocytosed, while LDL binding to the receptor was not disrupted. In striking contrast, in the cells co-expressing both receptors, a much larger number of Y807C LDLR were internalized and co- located with I189D h/r LDLR in the perinuclear region. In these cells, LDL was bound exclusively to Y807C LDLR and its uptake was enhanced by 80% as compared to the cell expressing Y807C LDLR solely, whereas LDL binding affinity was not changed. These results suggest that a defect of the essential motif for endocytosis, cysteine 807, could be compensated by co- expression of I189D h/r LDLR, but the LDL binding was not affected.
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Journal of lipid research|
|Publication status||Published - 1999 May|
- Familial hypercholesterolemia
- LDL receptor
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology