Comparison of Visible and Infrared Video Plethysmography Captured from Different Regions of the Human Face

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Recently, video plethysmography (VPG) - a heart rate estimation technique using a video camera - has gained significant attention. Most studies of VPG have used a visible RGB camera; only a limited number of studies investigating near-infrared light (wavelength 750-2500 nm), which can be used even in a dark environment, have been performed. The purpose of this study was to investigate the differences between VPG data collected using visible light (VPGVIS) or near-infrared light (VPGNIR) from four facial areas (forehead, right cheek, left cheek, and nose). An experiment was conducted to obtain both VPGVIS and VPGNIR simultaneously by alternately irradiating the face with NIR and VIS lights. Experimental results showed that the root mean squared error of heart rate estimated using VPGNIR was 1 bpm higher than that of VPGVIS. However, contrary to our expectations, the power of the heartbeat-related component included in VPGNIR was not reduced despite the absorbance of hemoglobin in the NIR light range being 1/100 of that in the VIS light range. This result supports the hypothesis that a main factor in the generation of VPG waves was change in the optical properties caused by blood vessels compressing the subcutaneous tissue and the venous bed. Additionally, the accuracy of the heart rate estimation using VPG tended to be high when the nose was set as the ROI. This result was likely associated with the anatomical structure of the nose.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication42nd Annual International Conferences of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
Subtitle of host publicationEnabling Innovative Technologies for Global Healthcare, EMBC 2020
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages4187-4190
Number of pages4
ISBN (Electronic)9781728119908
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Jul
Event42nd Annual International Conferences of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 2020 - Montreal, Canada
Duration: 2020 Jul 202020 Jul 24

Publication series

NameProceedings of the Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBS
Volume2020-July
ISSN (Print)1557-170X

Conference

Conference42nd Annual International Conferences of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 2020
Country/TerritoryCanada
CityMontreal
Period20/7/2020/7/24

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Signal Processing
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
  • Health Informatics

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