Comparison of the activities of multinucleated bone-resorbing giant cells derived from CD14-positive cells in the synovial fluids of rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis patients

H. Takano, T. Tomita, T. Toyosaki-Maeda, M. Maeda-Tanimura, H. Tsuboi, E. Takeuchi, M. Kaneko, K. Shi, K. Takahi, A. Myoui, H. Yoshikawa, T. Takahashi, R. Suzuki, T. Ochi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective. To investigate the morphology and function of multinucleated bone-resorbing giant cells derived from CD14-positive cells in the synovial fluids (SF) of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) or osteoarthritis (OA). Methods. CD14-positive cells were obtained by magnetic-activated cell sorting of primary cultures of mononuclear cells from the SF. Multinucleated bone-resorbing giant cells were induced from the CD14-positive cells in the presence or absence of cytokines. We examined various characteristics, including osteoclast markers, fusion index and bone-resorption activities of the multinucleated giant cells. Results. Multinucleated giant cells were induced from the CD14-positive cells in the SF of the RA and OA patients by the addition of interleukin (IL)-3, IL-5 and IL-7, or granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF), respectively. These multinucleated giant cells were positive for tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP), carbonic anhydrase II, actin, vitronectin receptor and the calcitonin receptor. However, the average values for the number of nuclei, fusion index and bone-resorption functions of the SF cells from the RA patients were significantly higher than those derived from the OA patients. Conclusion. These results suggest that the induction and activities of multinucleated bone-resorbing giant cells may play a pivotal role in bone destruction, and that these processes may be enhanced significantly in RA patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)435-441
Number of pages7
JournalRheumatology
Volume43
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2004 Apr

Keywords

  • CD14-positive cell
  • Osteoclast
  • Rheumatoid arthritis
  • Synovial fluid

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rheumatology
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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