The sea surface heights (SSHs) observed by the TOPEX altimeter are compared with tide gauge data at Chichijima in Ogasawara (Bonin) Islands and hydrographic data taken around the islands, in order to quantitatively verify the altimeter observations and oceanic tide corrections by three tide models proposed by Cartwright and Ray (1991), Ray et al. (1994), and Ma et al. (1994). First, performance of the new tide models is assessed by comparing tidal variations consisting of diurnal and semi-diurnal continuents with the tide gauge data at Chichijima. The tide model proposed by Ray et al, gives the smallest root-mean-squared (rms) difference of 2.61 cm. Errors in amplitude and phase in each tide model are evaluated by spectral analysis. The TOPEX SSHs corrected by the tide models are compared with sea level data at Chichijima. A long-term variation of a period of abort 1 year is found in the residual between the SSHs and the Chichijima sea levels. This variation is also found in the difference between the dynamic height anomalies calculated from hydrographic data around the island and the Chichijima sea levels. By subtracting the long-term variation, the rms difference between the TOPEX SSHs and the Chichijima sea levels is reduced Io about 4 cm and the slope of the regression line is improved to unity. The residual shows variations related to aliasing caused by incompleteness of the ocean tide correction with the repeat cycle of the altimeter observation.
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