Comparison of molecular and cellular events during lower jaw regeneration of newt (Cynops pyrrhogaster) and West African clawed frog (Xenopus tropicalis)

Hiroshi Kurosaka, Teruko Takano-Yamamoto, Takashi Yamashiro, Kiyokazu Agata

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

When mammals, including humans, lose a major part of their lower jaw, they are unable to regenerate the lost structures. Urodele amphibians, especially newts, can regenerate their lower jaw after amputation, whereas most anuran amphibians, including the West African clawed frog, can not. In the present study, we investigated the difference between newts and frogs during lower jaw regeneration. One difference was the distribution of myosin heavy chain (MHC) mRNA after lower jaw amputation: MHC mRNA was immediately expressed at the tip of the amputated lower jaw in newts but not in frogs. Moreover, there were proliferating cells that expressed Pax7 in newts but not in frogs, although proliferating cells were present in both animals. These results suggest that the difference of the jaw-regenerating abilities between newts and frogs depends on the expression of MHC mRNA at the tip of the amputated jaw and the contribution of Pax7-positive cells.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)354-365
Number of pages12
JournalDevelopmental Dynamics
Volume237
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Feb
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Jaw
  • Newt
  • Pax7
  • Regeneration
  • Xenopus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental Biology

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