Comparison in the analytical performance between krypton and argon glow discharge plasmas as the excitation source for atomic emission spectrometry

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Abstract

The emission characteristics of ionic lines of nickel, cobalt, and vanadium were investigated when argon or krypton was employed as the plasma gas in glow discharge optical emission spectrometry. A dc Grimm-style lamp was employed as the excitation source. Detection limits of the ionic lines in each iron-matrix alloy sample were compared between the krypton and the argon plasmas. Particular intense ionic lines were observed in the emission spectra as a function of the discharge gas (krypton or argon), such as the Co II 258.033 nm for krypton and the Co II 231.707 nm for argon. The explanation for this is that collisions with the plasma gases dominantly populate particular excited levels of cobalt ion, which can receive the internal energy from each gas ion selectively, for example, the 3d74p 3G5 (6.0201 eV) for krypton and the 3d74p 3G4 (8.0779 eV) for argon. In the determination of nickel as well as cobalt in iron-matrix samples, more sensitive ionic lines could be found in the krypton plasma rather than the argon plasma. Detection limits in the krypton plasma were 0.0039 mass% Ni for the Ni II 230.299-nm line and 0.002 mass% Co for the Co II 258.033-nm line. However, in the determination of vanadium, the argon plasma had better analytical performance, giving a detection limit of 0.0023 mass% V for the V II 309.310-nm line.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2067-2074
Number of pages8
JournalAnalytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
Volume393
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Apr 1

Keywords

  • Argon plasma
  • Cobalt
  • Excitation mechanism
  • Glow discharge optical emission spectrometry
  • Krypton plasma
  • Nickel
  • Vanadium

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Biochemistry

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