Comparison between tube compensation and pressure support ventilation techniques on respiratory mechanics

C. Sasaki, K. Hoshi, T. Wagatsuma, Y. Ejima, R. Hasegawa, S. Matsukawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In the intubated patient, the presence of an endotracheal tube increases the work of breathing during spontaneous breathing. The tube compensation technique was developed as a new ventilator mode that can compensate for that additional the work of breathing. We investigated the respiratory parameters during the pressure support ventilation 0, 5, 10 cmH2O and tube compensation 100% modes of the Puritan Bennett 840 ventilator in ten postoperative patients who had undergone radical surgery for oesophageal cancer. Measurements were performed just before extubation. The tidal volume, respiratory rate and other respiratory parameters were measured with a Ventrak respiratory monitor, and the duty ratio, mean inspiratory flow, and rapid shallow breathing index were calculated. In particular, we performed a comparison between pressure support ventilation 5 cmH2O and tube compensation 100%, because pressure support ventilation 5 cmH2O is the usual ventilating mode before the extubation in our intensive care unit. The tidal volume of pressure support ventilation 10 cmH2O was significantly larger and the respiratory rate was significantly lower than the other three modes. There was no significant difference in the minute volume, tidal volume, and respiratory rate between pressure support ventilation 5 cmH2O and tube compensation 100%. The duty ratio of pressure support ventilation 10 cmH2O was significantly smaller than the other three modes. There was no significant difference in the duty ratio and rapid shallow breathing index between pressure support ventilation 5 cmH2O and tube compensation 100%. It was concluded that the assist levels of pressure support ventilation 5 cmH2O and tube compensation 100% were almost equal for clinical purposes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)371-375
Number of pages5
JournalAnaesthesia and Intensive Care
Volume31
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2003 Aug

Keywords

  • Ventilation: pressure support, tube compensation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine
  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine

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