Comparative study of Rh/MgO modified with Fe, Co or Ni for the catalytic partial oxidation of methane at short contact time. Part I: Characterization of catalysts

Hisanori Tanaka, Rie Kaino, Kazu Okumura, Tokushi Kizuka, Yoshinao Nakagawa, Keiichi Tomishige

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

39 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Rh/MgO catalysts modified with Fe, Co and Ni for the catalytic partial oxidation of methane were investigated by means of temperature-programmed reduction (TPR), H2 adsorption measurement, transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and extended X-ray absorption fine structure studies (EXAFS). The reduction of the additives (Fe, Co, Ni) on MgO was promoted by the presence of Rh, and the reducibility was Fe > Co > Ni. The Rh-Ni/MgO tends to give the metal particles with higher dispersion than Rh/MgO. In contrast, the addition of Fe to Rh/MgO aggregated the metal particles. The Co addition did not affect the size of metal particles so significantly. The Rh-M alloy formation (M = Fe, Co, Ni) was detected by the Rh K-edge and M K-edge EXAFS analyses. The miscibility of the additives with Rh is also discussed on the basis of the EXAFS analysis, and this property can be related to the surface concentration of the additives on the alloy particles.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)175-186
Number of pages12
JournalApplied Catalysis A: General
Volume378
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010 Apr 30
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Alloy
  • Base metal
  • Catalytic partial oxidation
  • Methane
  • Rhodium

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Process Chemistry and Technology

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