Comparative study of epithelial gene expression in the small intestine among total proctocolectomized, dietary sodium-depleted, and aldosterone-infused rats

Kouhei Fukushima, Shun Sato, Hiroo Naito, Yuji Funayama, Sho Haneda, Chikashi Shibata, Iwao Sasaki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We previously demonstrated enhanced plasma aldosterone, ileal activation of epithelial sodium channel (ENaC), and induction of 11β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 2 after total proctocolectomies in rats. However, factors other than circulating aldosterone may cause molecular induction associated with sodium transport. Sprague-Dawley rats were treated with sodium-deficient diets or subcutaneous aldosterone infusion for 4 weeks. Rats also underwent total proctocolectomies as positive control. We extracted epithelial RNA from the distal small intestine and compared mRNA expression of the α, β, and γ subunits of ENaC, prostasin, sodium glucose transporter 1 (SGLT1), and the α1 and β1 subunits of Na+/K+-ATPase among control, total proctocolectomized, dietary sodium-depleted, and aldosterone-infused rats by quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction or Northern blotting. A significant increase in aldosterone was noted in sodium-depleted and aldosterone-infused rats. The induction of three subunits of ENaC and prostasin mRNA was observed in proctocolectomized, aldosterone-infused rats but not in dietary sodium-depleted rats. The levels of the α1 and β1 subunits of Na+/K+-ATPase were similar among the experimental groups. SGLT1 mRNA was induced only in proctocolectomized rats. The molecular induction of ENaC, prostasin, and SGLT1 is unique for total proctocolectomized rats. Aldosterone infusion can induce several essential molecules for sodium absorption, as seen in total proctocolectomy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)236-244
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
Volume9
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2005 Feb 1

Keywords

  • Aldosterone
  • Epithelial cells
  • Familial adenomatous polyposis
  • Intestinal adaptation
  • Total proctocolectomy
  • Ulcerative colitis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Gastroenterology

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