Comparative histology of lymph nodes from aged animals and humans with special reference to the proportional areas of the nodal cortex and sinus

Izumi Taniguchi, Akira Sakurada, Gen Murakami, Daisuke Suzuki, Masami Sato, Gen Iku Kohama

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Lymph nodes are composed of a lymphocyte-rich area or cortex (subdivided into the superficial and deep cortex and the medullary cord) and another, macrophage-rich area (incorporating the subcapsular and medullary sinuses). We measured the proportional area of the cortex in lymph nodes from aged experimental mammals (rats, guinea pigs, dogs and rabbits) and elderly Japanese humans. The cervical, axillary and inguinal nodes were generally richer in cortex tissue than the pulmonary regional and mesenteric nodes. Histological heterogeneity and medullary sinus dominance were much more evident in the human nodes than in those from animals, except for the guinea pig thoracic node. Human pulmonary regional nodes were characterized by a large medullary sinus; in guinea pigs, these nodes had a similar histology but the T lymphocyte-containing areas were smaller and thinner than in humans. The paraaortic node was well developed in humans and dogs, but not in other animals tested. These species- and region-specific histological differences may influence the evaluation of experimental animal models of lymph node function, such as those recently identified for research into sentinel nodes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)337-347
Number of pages11
JournalAnnals of Anatomy
Volume186
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2004 Jan 1

Keywords

  • Aging
  • Cortex area
  • Lymph nodes
  • Proportional area
  • Sentinel node

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anatomy
  • Developmental Biology

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