Comparative analysis of the relationship between Cs and K in soil and plant parts toward control of Cs accumulation in rice

Motohiko Kondo, Tomoyuki Makino, Tetsuya Eguchi, Akitoshi Goto, Hiroshi Nakano, Toshiyuki Takai, Yumiko Arai-Sanoh, Takeshi Kimura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Abstract: The effect of soil exchangeable potassium (K) and cesium (Cs) levels on Cs uptake and accumulation in different parts of rice (Oryza sativa L.) plants were examined using paddy soils with diverse exchangeable K and Cs in pot experiments. Aboveground Cs uptake decreased with higher exchangeable K and was linearly correlated with exchangeable Cs/K ratios, indicating competitive absorption of these elements by roots. Variation in Cs concentration in brown rice among soils was also related to the exchangeable Cs/K ratio. The exchangeable Cs/K ratio was positively reflected in the Cs/K concentration ratio in each plant part, with a specific slope, suggesting that Cs transport was coordinated with K transport and that there were regulated discriminations of Cs against K in the translocation process among parts. The Cs/K ratio was higher in brown rice and dead leaves than in active leaves, stems and husks. The distribution of Cs accumulation in brown rice was 14.5% on average, but it was variable and negatively related to K concentration in the stem. The Cs distribution in aboveground plant parts also decreased with higher K concentration in the root. These results imply the importance of the competitiveness with K in the root absorption and translocation of Cs within the plant. Based on the observed relationship between Cs and K, effective K management and other measures to control Cs accumulation in plant parts are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)144-151
Number of pages8
JournalSoil Science and Plant Nutrition
Volume61
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Jan 2
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • accumulation
  • cesium
  • plant part
  • potassium
  • rice
  • uptake

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Soil Science
  • Plant Science

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