We consider the problem of how to compactly encode simply-typed λ-terms into bit strings. The work has been motivated by Kobayashi et al.'s recent work on higher-order data compression, where data are encoded as functional programs (or, λ-terms) that generate them. To exploit its good compression power, the compression scheme has to come with a method for compactly encoding the λ-terms into bit strings. To this end, we propose two type-based bitencoding schemes; the first one encodes a λ-term into a sequence of symbols by using type information, and then applies arithmetic coding to convert the sequence to a bit string. The second one is more sophisticated; we prepare a context-free grammar (CFG) that describes only well-typed terms, and then use a variation of arithmetic coding specialized for the CFG. We have implemented both schemes and confirmed that they often output more compact codes than previous bit encoding schemes for λ-terms.