Communicable diseases after the disasters: With the special reference to the Great East Japan Earthquake

Kentaro Iwata, Goh Ohji, Hideaki Oka, Yoshihiro Takayama, Tetsuji Aoyagi, Yoshiaki Gu, Masumitsu Hatta, Koichi Tokuda, Mitsuo Kaku

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

On March 11, 2011, the Great East Japan Earthquake - a massive temblor followed by a gigantic tsunami was associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Among many health problems such as trauma, drowning, and mental illnesses, infectious diseases may place significant burden on survivors of such disasters. Wound infections including tetanus, leptospirosis,legionellosis, rickettsiosis,respiratory infections, and diarrheal illness among other infections had been considered to be associated with earthquake and tsunami. Overall, the impact of infectious diseases after the Great East Japan Earthquake was relatively small, with only sporadic outbreaks observed. The incidence of serious infections such as tetanus, legionellosis, and tsunami lung, was also low, considering the overall impact of the earthquake and tsunami per se. This review discusses the impact of infectious diseases after the Great East Japan Earthquake, and reviews past disaster-related infections as reference.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)746-753
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Disaster Research
Volume7
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Dec

Keywords

  • Communicable diseases
  • The Great East Japan Earthquake

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Engineering (miscellaneous)

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