A calcium channel blocker (CCB), azelnidipine (AZ), is reported to inhibit oxidative stresses, particularly when administered of the renin-angiotensin system (RAS). The purpose of this study was to investigate whether AZ inhibits oxidative stresses more potently than other CCBs under blockade of RAS and exerts renoprotection in type 2 diabetic nephropathy. Subjects were hypertensive type 2 diabetics with nephropathy, taking RAS inhibitors. The patients were randomly assigned to two groups, an AZ group (n=21, 16 mg/d) and a nifedipine-CR (NF) group (n=17, 40 mg/d). The plasma levels of monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1), interleukin-6 (IL-6), high-sensitive C-reactive protein (hsCRP), adiponectin and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNFα), the urinary excretion of 8-epi-prostaglandin F2α (8-epi-PGF2α) and 8-hydroxy-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG), and the urinary albumin-to-creatinine ratios (ACR) were determined before and after 16-week treatment. Neither metabolic parameters nor blood pressure levels differed between the two groups not only at baseline but also after the treatment. However, significant decreases in MCP-1, IL-6, hsCRP, TNFα, 8-epi-PGF2α, 8-OHdG and ACR levels, and a significant increase in the plasma adiponectin level were detected in the AZ group, but not in the NF group. The % change in the urinary oxidative stress markers correlated with that in ACR. Our results indicate that, in hypertensive patients with diabetic nephropathy, a combination therapy of RAS inhibitors and AZ is an effective therapeutic modality for decreasing not only blood pressure but also inflammations and oxidative stresses.
- Diabetic nephropathy
- Oxidative stress
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Internal Medicine
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine