Combination therapy for hypertension in the elderly: A sub-analysis of the Combination Therapy of Hypertension to Prevent Cardiovascular Events (COPE) Trial

Toshio Ogihara, Masunori Matsuzaki, Seiji Umemoto, Hiromi Rakugi, Hiroaki Matsuoka, Kazuyuki Shimada, Jitsuo Higaki, Sadayoshi Ito, Akira Kamiya, Hiromichi Suzuki, Yasuo Ohashi, Kazuaki Shimamoto, Takao Saruta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

25 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The Combination Therapy of Hypertension to Prevent Cardiovascular Events (COPE) trial demonstrated that the calcium-channel blocker benidipine-based combination therapies with an angiotensin-receptor blocker (ARB), a β-blocker, or a thiazide diuretic (thiazide) were similarly effective in preventing cardiovascular events and achieving the target blood pressure (BP; <140/90 mm Hg). We further evaluated the efficacy and safety of these combination therapies in older (≥65 years) and younger (<65 years) hypertensive patients. In this sub-analysis of the COPE trial 3293 patients (1533≥65 years old and 1760 <65 years old) were randomly assigned to receive benidipine-based therapy with an ARB, a β-blocker or a thiazide. In each group, the average BP did not differ among the three treatment groups. The incidence of the primary cardiovascular composite end point in the older group was higher than in the younger group (12.7 vs. 8.3 per 1000 person-years, P=0.023). The primary composite cardiovascular end point, achievement (%) of target BP, and cardiovascular hard composite end points were similar among the three treatment groups. However, the hazard ratios and 95% confidence intervals in older patients were 2.74 (1.08-6.96; β-blocker vs. thiazide, P=0.022) for fatal and non-fatal stroke, and 2.47 (1.03-5.91; β-blocker vs. ARB, P=0.043) for new-onset diabetes. Thus, benidipine combined with an ARB, a β-blocker, or a thiazide was similarly effective in preventing cardiovascular events and achieving the target BP in both older and younger hypertensive patients. Further studies will be necessary to evaluate the usefulness of benidipine combined with a β-blocker in terms of the incidence of stroke and new-onset diabetes in older patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)441-448
Number of pages8
JournalHypertension Research
Volume35
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Apr 1

Keywords

  • angiotensin-receptor blocker
  • calcium-channel blocker
  • elderly
  • thiazide diuretic
  • β-blocker

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Physiology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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  • Cite this

    Ogihara, T., Matsuzaki, M., Umemoto, S., Rakugi, H., Matsuoka, H., Shimada, K., Higaki, J., Ito, S., Kamiya, A., Suzuki, H., Ohashi, Y., Shimamoto, K., & Saruta, T. (2012). Combination therapy for hypertension in the elderly: A sub-analysis of the Combination Therapy of Hypertension to Prevent Cardiovascular Events (COPE) Trial. Hypertension Research, 35(4), 441-448. https://doi.org/10.1038/hr.2011.216