Collisional Growth and Fragmentation of Dust Aggregates with Low Mass Ratios. I. Critical Collision Velocity for Water Ice

Yukihiko Hasegawa, Takeru K. Suzuki, Hidekazu Tanaka, Hiroshi Kobayashi, Koji Wada

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We investigated fundamental processes of collisional sticking and fragmentation of dust aggregates by carrying out N-body simulations of submicron-sized icy dust monomers. We examined the conditions for collisional growth of two colliding dust aggregates in a wide range of the mass ratio 1-64. We found that the mass transfer from a larger dust aggregate to a smaller one is a dominant process in collisions with a mass ratio of 2-30 and an impact velocity of ≈30-170 m s-1. As a result, the critical velocity, v fra, for fragmentation of the largest body is considerably reduced for such unequal-mass collisions; v fra of collisions with a mass ratio of 3 is about half of that obtained from equal-mass collisions. The impact velocity is generally higher for collisions between dust aggregates with higher mass ratios because of the difference between the radial drift velocities in the typical condition of protoplanetary disks (PPDs). Therefore, the reduced v fra for unequal-mass collisions would delay growth of dust grains in the inner region of PPDs.

Original languageEnglish
Article number22
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume915
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Jul 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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