Collision avoidance method for mobile robot considering motion and personal spaces of evacuees

Takeshi Ohki, Keiji Nagatani, Kazuya Yoshida

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In the case of disasters such as earthquakes or Nuclear/Biological/ Chemical(NBC) terrorist attacks, mobile robots, called "rescue robots," that can work in dangerous environments instead of rescue crews in rescue missions, can be of great help. However, realizing such robot systems requires many types of technologies. In particular, path planning is an important technology that provides a mobile robot with autonomous navigation to a target destination with collision avoidance. To avoid evacuees, the robot should consider the motion of people in the near future. In this research, we propose a collision avoidance method that estimates the motions and personal spaces of the evacuees. The method consists of three steps: "estimation, " "conversion," and "planning." In the estimation step, the future positions of evacuees are estimated by considering their planned motions and personal spaces. Then, in the conversion step, a time axis is added to construct a 3D time-space coordinate system. Finally, in the planning step, a distance-time transform is applied to plan a safe 3D path from the robot's current position to the desired goal. The proposed method has been implemented on our rescue robot simulator, and some simulation experiments were conducted to verify its usefulness.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationIEEE/RSJ 2010 International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems, IROS 2010 - Conference Proceedings
Pages1819-1824
Number of pages6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010 Dec 1
Event23rd IEEE/RSJ 2010 International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems, IROS 2010 - Taipei, Taiwan, Province of China
Duration: 2010 Oct 182010 Oct 22

Publication series

NameIEEE/RSJ 2010 International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems, IROS 2010 - Conference Proceedings

Other

Other23rd IEEE/RSJ 2010 International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems, IROS 2010
Country/TerritoryTaiwan, Province of China
CityTaipei
Period10/10/1810/10/22

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Human-Computer Interaction
  • Control and Systems Engineering

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