Collateral function modified by glyceryl trinitrate and dipyridamole during coronary occlusion in conscious dogs

Shozo Nabeyama, Hitonobu Tomoike, Katashi Hisano, Hiroaki Shimokawa, Takeshi Inoue, Hideo Yamamoto, Motoomi Nakamura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Summary: The effects of glyceryl trinitrate and dipyridamole on induced ischaemia were studied in awake dogs during transient coronary occlusion before and after collateral development. Seventeen dogs were instrumented under sterile conditions with a miniature pressure gauge to measure left ventricular pressure, a cannula for aortic pressure, and pairs of piezoelectric crystals towards the subendocardium of the left ventricle for regional segment length measurements. A hydraulic cuff occluder and Doppler flow probe were placed around the left circumflex coronary artery. Collateral function was increased by repeated 2 min coronary occlusions at 32 min intervals for 2-9 days until regional wall motion returned to preocclusive values, despite the persistence of coronary occlusion. The effects of glyceryl trinitrate and dipyridamole were studied after the initial haemodynamic changes had subsided. Collateral function was quantified by integrating changes in end systolic length of the ischaemic area during coronary occlusion. Before collateral development the end systolic length area was 29.4(2.4) cm·s and was unchanged by glyceryl trinitrate or dipyridamole. After the development of collaterals the end systolic length area decreased from 4.1(1.1) to 2.2(1.0) cm·s (p<0.01) after glyceryl trinitrate and increased to 14.9(1.7) cm·s (p<0.01) after dipyridamole. Therefore, glyceryl trinitrate acted directly on collaterals and improved the induced ischaemia, whereas dipyridamole exaggerated the regional wall motion abnormality.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)177-187
Number of pages11
JournalCardiovascular Research
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1987 Mar
Externally publishedYes


  • Collateral function
  • Dipyridamole
  • Glyceryl trinitrate
  • Myocardial ischaemia
  • Regional wall motion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)


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