Collapse and search dynamics of apomyoglobin folding revealed by submillisecond observations of α-helical content and compactness

Takanori Uzawa, Shuji Akiyama, Tetsunari Kimura, Satoshi Takahashi, Koichiro Ishimori, Isao Morishima, Tetsuro Fujisawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

138 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The characterization of protein folding dynamics in terms of secondary and tertiary structures is important in elucidating the features of intraprotein interactions that lead to specific folded structures. Apomyoglobin (apoMb), possessing seven helices termed A-E, G, and H in the native state, has a folding intermediate composed of the A, G, and H helices, whose formation in the submillisecond time domain has not been clearly characterized. In this study, we used a rapid-mixing device combined with circular dichroism and small-angle x-ray scattering to observe the submillisecond folding dynamics of apoMb in terms of helical content (fH) and radius of gyration (R g), respectively. The folding of apoMb from the acid-unfolded state at pH 2.2 was initiated by a pH jump to 6.0. A significant collapse, corresponding to ≈50% of the overall change in Rg from the unfolded to native conformation, was observed within 300μs after the pH jump. The collapsed intermediate has a fH of 33% and a globular shape that involves >80% of all its atoms. Subsequently, a stepwise helix formation was detected, which was interpreted to be associated with a conformational search for the correct tertiary contacts. The characterized folding dynamics of apoMb indicates the importance of the initial collapse event, which is suggested to facilitate the subsequent conformational search and the helix formation leading to the native structure.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1171-1176
Number of pages6
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Volume101
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2004 Feb 3
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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