Cognitive impairment in neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorders: A comparison of the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-III and the Wechsler Memory Scale Revised with the Rao Brief Repeatable Neuropsychological Battery

Juichi Fujimori, Ichiro Nakashima, Toru Baba, Yuko Meguro, Ryo Ogawa, Kazuo Fujihara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background Approximately 55% of patients with neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder (NMOSD) show cognitive impairment as evaluated using the Rao Brief Repeatable Neuropsychological Battery (BRBN), but this frequency appears to be higher than the frequency of specific brain lesions in NMOSD. Objective We studied whether cognitive impairment could be observed in NMOSD patients with no or minor non-specific brain lesions. Methods We evaluated cognitive function in 12 NMOSD and 14 MS patients using the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-III (WAIS-III), the Wechsler Memory Scale-Revised (WMS-R), and the BRBN. We judged as cognitively impaired patients whose scores were below the average by 2 standard deviations or greater in 2 or more cognitive domains. Results Cognitive impairment was observed in 5 MS patients (35.7%) and in the only NMOSD patient (8.3%) with symptomatic brain lesions, but not in the other NMOSD patients who had no or minor non-specific brain lesions. Meanwhile, 5 NMOSD (41.7%) and 4 MS (28.6%) patients who had normal cognition according to the WAIS-III and WMS-R were assessed as cognitively impaired by the BRBN (which is not standardized for age). Conclusions Cognitive function in NMOSD patients with no or mild non-specific brain lesions was preserved according to the WAIS-III and WMS-R.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3-7
Number of pages5
JournaleNeurologicalSci
Volume9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Dec

Keywords

  • Cognitive impairment
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Neuromyelitis Optica
  • Rao Brief Repeatable Neuropsychological Battery
  • Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-III
  • Wechsler Memory Scale-Revised

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology

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