Coercivity enhancement of hot-deformed Ce-Fe-B magnets by grain boundary infiltration of Nd-Cu eutectic alloy

Xin Tang, H. Sepehri-Amin, T. Ohkubo, M. Yano, M. Ito, A. Kato, N. Sakuma, T. Shoji, T. Schrefl, K. Hono

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42 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The coercivity of hot-deformed Ce-Fe-B magnet was substantially improved from ∼8 × 10−4 to ∼0.7 T by the grain boundary infiltration of Nd-Cu eutectic alloy. Transmission electron microscopy have shown the formation of (NdxCe1-x)2Fe14B shell in Ce2Fe14B grains and the increase of rare earth elements in the intergranular phases after the process. The former enhances the anisotropy field of the shell region and the latter weakens intergranular exchange coupling. Micromagnetic simulations showed that the increase of the Nd content in the (NdxCe1-x)2Fe14B shell results in only a slight increase in coercivity for ferromagnetic intergranular phase. This explains the minor increment of coercivity of only ∼0.2 T for the increased amount of the Nd-Cu infiltration from 10 wt% to 40 wt%. For further increase of the coercivity, exchange decoupling by increasing the rare earth content in the intergranular phase is predicted to be effective.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)884-895
Number of pages12
JournalActa Materialia
Volume144
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Feb 1
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Ce-Fe-B
  • Coercivity
  • Permanent magnet
  • Rare earth magnets

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Metals and Alloys

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