Codoping method for the fabrication of low-resistivity wide band-gap semiconductors in p-type GaN, p-type AlN and n-type diamond: Prediction versus experiment

H. Katayama-Yoshida, T. Nishimatsu, T. Yamamoto, N. Orita

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109 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We review our new valence control method of a co-doping for the fabrication of low-resistivity p-type GaN, p-type AlN and n-type diamond. The co-doping method is proposed based upon ab initio electronic structure calculation in order to solve the uni-polarity and the compensation problems in the wide bandgap semiconductors. In the co-doping method, we dope both the acceptors and donors at the same time by forming the meta-stable acceptor-donor-acceptor complexes for the p-type or donor-acceptor-donor complexes for the n-type under thermal non-equilibrium crystal growth conditions. We propose the following co-doping method to fabricate the low-resistivity wide band-gap semiconductors; p-type GaN:[Si + 2Mg (or Be)], [H + 2Mg (or Be)], [O + 2Mg (or Be)], p-type AlN:[O + 2C] and n-type diamond:[B + 2N], [H + S], [H + 2P]. We compare our prediction of the co-doping method with the recent successful experiments to fabricate the low-resistivity p-type GaN, p-type AlN and n-type diamond. We show that the co-doping method is the efficient and universal doping method by which to avoid carrier compensation with an increase of the solubility of the dopant, to increase the activation rate by decreasing the ionization energy of acceptors and donors, and to increase the mobility of the carrier.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8901-8914
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Physics Condensed Matter
Volume13
Issue number40
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2001 Oct 8

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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