Cobalt-substituted hemoglobin Zürich (α2β263His→Arg). Oxygen equilibria and EPR spectra

Masao Ikeda-Saito, Maurizio Brunori, Kaspar H. Winterhalter, Takashi Tonetani

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4 Citations (Scopus)


Cobalt hemoglobin Zürich (α2β263His→Arg) has been successfully reconstituted from the apohemoglobin Zürich and cobaltous protoporphyrin IX. The oxygen affinity of cobalt hemoglobin Zurich, as well as that of iron hemoglobin Zürich, were measured in the absence and presence of organic phosphate and Cl-. The overall oxygen affinity of cobalt hemoglobin Zürich was found to be higher and the cooperativity as measured by the n value was smaller than those of cobalt hemoglobin A. Organic phosphate and Cl- affect the oxygen equilibrium properties of cobalt hemoglobin Zürich in a manner similar to that of cobalt hemoglobin A, but to a lesser extant than cobalt hemoglobin A. The EPR spectrum of oxy cobalt hemoglobin Zürich is less sensitive to the replacement of the buffer system from H2O to 2H2O, indicating that the hydrogen bond between the distal amino acid residue and the bound oxygen is not formed in the abnormal β subunits. The deoxy EPR spectrum of cobalt hemoglobin Zürich is similar to that of deoxy cobalt hemoglobin A, suggesting that the deoxy cobalt hemoglobin Zürich is predominantly in the deoxy quaternary structure (T state).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)91-99
Number of pages9
JournalBBA - Protein Structure
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1979 Sep 26


  • (ESR)
  • Cobalt hemoglobin
  • Hemoglobin Zürich
  • Oxygen affinity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)


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