Co-seismic offsets due to two earthquakes (Mw 6.1) along the Sumatran fault system derived from GNSS measurements

Takeo Ito, Endra Gunawan, Fumiaki Kimata, Takao Tabei, Irwan Meilano, Agustan, Yusaku Ohta, Nazli Ismail, Irwandi Nurdin, Didik Sugiyanto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Since the 2004 Sumatra-Andaman earthquake (Mw 9.2), the northwestern part of the Sumatran island has been a high seismicity region. To evaluate the seismic hazard along the Great Sumatran fault (GSF), we installed the Aceh GNSS network for the Sumatran fault system (AGNeSS) in March 2005. The AGNeSS observed co-seismic offsets due to the April 11, 2012 Indian Ocean earthquake (Mw 8.6), which is the largest intraplate earthquake recorded in history. The largest offset at the AGNeSS site was approximately 14.9 cm. Two Mw 6.1 earthquakes occurred within AGNeSS in 2013, one on January 21 and the other on July 2. We estimated the fault parameters of the two events using a Markov chain Monte Carlo method. The estimated fault parameter of the first event was a right-lateral strike-slip where the strike was oriented in approximately the same direction as the surface trace of the GSF. The estimated peak value of the probability density function for the static stress drop was approximately 0.7 MPa. On the other hand, the co-seismic displacement fields of the second event from nearby GNSS sites clearly showed a left-lateral motion on a northeast-southwest trending fault plane and supported the contention that the July 2 event broke at the conjugate fault of the GSF. We also calculated the Coulomb failure function δCFF caused by the first event to evaluate its effect on the second event. The results showed that the July 2 event was likely brought 0.1 MPa closer to failure by the January 21 event.

Original languageEnglish
Article number57
Journalearth, planets and space
Volume68
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Conjugate fault
  • MCMC method
  • Sumatran fault

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geology
  • Space and Planetary Science

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