CO oxidation process on Pt-M(111) alloys (M = Ru, Sn): An ab initio study

Toshiaki Oka, Hiroshi Mizuseki, Yoshiyuki Kawazoe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Direct Methanol Fuel Cell (DMFC) have attracted attention in recent years because they are very energy-efficient. However, there is a serious problem in that Pt, which is the usual anode electrocatalyst, is poisoned by CO. Therefore, it is very important to develop new materials for use as electrocatalysts that exhibit good tolerance to CO. The aim of this study is to examine the mechanism of H2O dissociation and of the CO+OH combination reactions in the CO oxidation process by calculating the adsorption energies and the activation barriers. In the case of PtRu alloys, the activation barrier for the H 2O dissociation reaction is almost the same as it is for pure Pt. The activation barrier for the CO+OH combination reaction on the Pt-Ru alloy is larger than that on pure Pt. Nevertheless, the adsorption energy of H 2O is larger than that on pure Pt. On the other hand, the activation barrier and adsorption energies of H2O on the Pt-Sn alloy are very close to the corresponding values on pure Pt. Moreover, the activation barrier for the CO+OH combination reaction on the Pt-Sn alloy is lower than that on pure Pt.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1907-1912
Number of pages6
JournalMaterials Transactions
Volume48
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007 Jul 1

Keywords

  • Carbon monoxide
  • Direct methanol fuel cell
  • Electrocatalyst
  • Platinum alloy
  • Platinum-ruthenium
  • Platinum-tin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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