CO gas production by CO2 gas decomposition in molten salt electrolysis

R. O. Suzuki, F. Matsuura, S. Natsui, T. Kikuchi

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

After complete decomposition of CO2 gas, carbon and oxygen can be used in the steel plant. In addition, CO gas may be used as an effective fuel with easy handling. The preferential decomposition to CO gas is examined by using a combination of CaCl2-CaO melt as a media and ZrO2-8mol% Y2O3 solid-state electrolyte as anode. At a higher electrolysis temperature, CO2 gas is preferentially converted to CO gas. The conversion ratio approached the maximum value of 88.2% at 1273 K. The highest CO concentration was generated at cell voltage of 2.55 V, which is slightly lower than the theoretical decomposition voltage of CaO. Therefore, CO2 decomposes preferentially via the decomposition reaction of carbonate ions. Namely CO2 gas dissolves to form CO32- with coexistence of CaO in the melt, CO32- precipitates carbon or CO gas bubbles on the cathode, and a part of carbon reacts with the blown CO2 gas to form CO gas.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationMolten Salts and Ionic Liquids 20
EditorsM. Carter, F. Endres, E. J. Biddinger, M. Reichert, A. Ispas, H. C. De Long, A. Bund, L. M. Haverhals, R. A. Mantz, P. C. Trulove, D. M. Fox, A. H. Suroviec, M. Ueda
PublisherElectrochemical Society Inc.
Pages533-542
Number of pages10
Edition15
ISBN (Electronic)9781607685395
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Jan 1
Externally publishedYes
EventSymposium on Molten Salts and Ionic Liquids 20 - PRiME 2016/230th ECS Meeting - Honolulu, United States
Duration: 2016 Oct 22016 Oct 7

Publication series

NameECS Transactions
Number15
Volume75
ISSN (Print)1938-5862
ISSN (Electronic)1938-6737

Other

OtherSymposium on Molten Salts and Ionic Liquids 20 - PRiME 2016/230th ECS Meeting
CountryUnited States
CityHonolulu
Period16/10/216/10/7

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)

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