CMP antenna array GPR and signal-to-clutter ratio improvement

Xuan Feng, Motoyuki Sato, Yan Zhang, Cai Liu, Fusheng Shi, Yonghui Zhao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

40 Citations (Scopus)


Ground-penetrating radar (GPR) is recognized as a promising sensor for detecting buried landmines. In this case, the GPR antenna(s) must be elevated above the ground. However, this requirement results in heavy surface clutter. It is therefore necessary to overcome the effect. A commonly used procedure of time gating and background averaging cannot suit to small shallow nonmetallic landmine beneath a rough ground surface. In this letter, we proposed techniques to enhance the target signal through common midpoint (CMP) antenna array and data processing techniques, including velocity spectrum and CMP multifold stacking. The method has been tested using experiment data over a rough ground under which small plastic antipersonnel landmines is shallowly buried. The result shows the signal-to-clutter ratio was dramatically improved.

Original languageEnglish
Article number4671101
Pages (from-to)23-27
Number of pages5
JournalIEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Jan
Externally publishedYes


  • Common midpoint (CMP) antenna array
  • Ground-penetrating radar (GPR)
  • Landmine detection
  • Signal-to-clutter ratio (SCR)
  • Velocity estimation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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