Cluster of Differentiation 46 Is the Major Receptor in Human Blood-Brain Barrier Endothelial Cells for Uptake of Exosomes Derived from Brain-Metastatic Melanoma Cells (SK-Mel-28)

Hiroki Kuroda, Masanori Tachikawa, Yuta Yagi, Mina Umetsu, Armania Nurdin, Eisuke Miyauchi, Michitoshi Watanabe, Yasuo Uchida, Tetsuya Terasaki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Brain metastasis is a frequent complication of cancer and may be mediated, at least in part, by the internalization of cancer-cell-derived exosomes into brain capillary endothelial cells. Clarifying the mechanism(s) of this internalization is of interest because it could help us to develop ways to block brain metastasis, as well as affording a potential new route for drug delivery into the brain. Therefore, the purpose of the present study was to address this issue by identifying the receptors involved in the internalization of exosomes derived from a brain-metastatic cancer cell line (SK-Mel-28) into human blood-brain barrier endothelial cells (hCMEC/D3 cells). The combination of sulfo-SBED-based cross-linking and comprehensive proteomics yielded 20 proteins as exosome receptor candidates in hCMEC/D3 cells. The uptake of PKH67-labeled exosomes by hCMEC/D3 cells measured at 37 °C was significantly reduced by 95.6% at 4 °C and by 15.3% in the presence of 1 mM RGD peptide, an integrin ligand. Therefore, we focused on the identified RGD receptors, integrin α5 and integrin αV, and CD46, which is reported to act as an adenovirus receptor, together with integrin αV. A mixture of neutralizing antibodies against integrin α5 and integrin αV significantly decreased the exosome uptake by 11.8%, while application of CD46 siRNA reduced it by 39.0%. Immunohistochemical analysis confirmed the presence of CD46 in human brain capillary endothelial cells. These results suggest that CD46 is a major receptor for the uptake of SK-Mel-28-derived exosomes by human blood-brain barrier endothelial cells (hCMEC/D3 cells).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)292-304
Number of pages13
JournalMolecular pharmaceutics
Volume16
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Jan 7

Keywords

  • CD46
  • brain-metastatic cancer
  • comprehensive proteomics SWATH
  • cross-linking
  • exosomes
  • human blood-brain barrier
  • virus receptor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Pharmaceutical Science
  • Drug Discovery

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