Cluster Expansion Reactions of Group 6 Metallaboranes. Syntheses, Crystal Structures, and Spectroscopic Characterizations of (Cp*Cr)2B5H9, (Cp*Cr)2B4H8Fe(CO)3, (Cp*Cr)2B4H7Co(CO)3, and (Cp*Mo)2B5H9Fe(CO)3

Simon Aldridge, Hisako Hashimoto, Kazumori Kawamura, Maoyu Shang, Thomas P. Fehlner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

68 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The targeted high-yield syntheses of a number of new clusters by the controlled addition of BH, Fe(CO)3, or Co(CO)3 fragments to dinuclear group 6 metallaboranes are reported. The reaction of the chromaborane, (Cp*Cr)2B4H8 (1), Cp* = η5-C5Me5, with BHCl2·SMe2 results in a cluster expansion reaction giving the green-brown diamagnetic species (Cp*Cr)2B5H9 (2) in 43% yield. The six skeletal electron pair (sep) cluster has a structure based on a trigonal bipyramidal Cr2B3 unit with adjacent Cr2B faces capped by BH3 fragments. Reaction of 1 with the dinuclear metal carbonyls Fe2(CO)9 and Co2(CO)8 leads to the isolation of the mixed-metal metallaboranes (Cp*Cr)2B4H8Fe(CO)3 (3) and (Cp*Cr)2B4H7Co(CO)3 (4) in yields of 76 and 87%, respectively. 3 and 4 can also be viewed as six-sep bicapped trigonal bipyramidal clusters with the metal carbonyl occupying one of the capping positions. Alternatively, they can be viewed as complexes between M(CO)3 transition metal fragments (M = Fe, Co) and the four-electron (Cp*Cr)2B4H8 (M = Fe) or three-electron (Cp*Cr)2B4H7 (M = Co) ligands. In this way, by forming two M-Cr bonds and utilizing either one (M = Co) or two (M = Fe) BH→M donor-acceptor bonds, each metal attains an 18-electron configuration. At elevated temperatures (ca. 80 °C), 3 is fluxional, with the Fe(CO)3 fragment "swinging" between equivalent pairs of BH2 donor groups. Reaction of the molybdaborane (Cp*Mo)2B5H9 (5) with Fe2(CO)9 gives the orange mixed-metal cluster (Cp*Mo)2B5H9Fe(CO)3 (6) in 48% yield. 6 has a bicapped octahedral geometry with the Fe(CO)3 fragment occupying one of the high-connectivity cluster vertexes, rather than a capping position. That 5 undergoes the expected geometric changes (bicapped trigonal bipyramid → bicapped octahedron) on addition of the two-electron Fe(CO)3 fragment (giving 6) contrasts with the minimal structural perturbation on addition of the same fragment to 1 (yielding 3). This in turn provides further evidence for the description of 1 as an "electronically unsaturated" cluster.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)928-940
Number of pages13
JournalInorganic chemistry
Volume37
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1998 Dec 1
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry

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