Cloning of a cDNA encoding a 66-kDa Ca2+-dependent protein kinase (CDPK) from Dunaliella tertiolecta (Chlorophyta)

Reinhard Pinontoan, Takashi Yuasa, Marinela I. Anderca, Takashi Matsuoka, Nobuyuki Uozumi, Hitoshi Mori, Shoshi Muto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A cDNA clone encoding a Ca2+-dependent protein kinase (DtCPK1) with a calculated molecular mass of 65,746 Da was isolated by sequential immuno- and hybridization-screening from a cDNA library of the halotolerant green alga, Dunaliella tertiolecta Butcher (Chlorophyceae). Primary structure analysis of DtCPK1 revealed a long variable domain preceding a catalytic domain, an autoinhibitory junction domain, and a C-terminal calmodulin-like domain containing 4 EF-hand motifs. Database searches showed that DtCPK1 has a high similarity to CCK1, a CDPK from the green alga, Chlamydomonas eugamentos Moewus. The N-terminal long variable domain of DtCPK1 contains neither the N-myristoylation motif, which is found in many CDPKs, nor the PEST motif, which is associated with rapid protein turnover and found in one CDPK subfamily. However, a putative Ca2+-dependent lipid binding domain that might be responsible for the association of cytosolic DtCPK1 with the cell membrane was identified in the variable domain. Three CDPKs, with molecular masses of 62, 54, and 47 kDa respectively, were observed in an in-gel protein kinase assay of D. tertiolecta cells extract. No change in the activities of these CDPKs were observed for up to 30 min after D. tertiolecta cells had been subjected to a hypoosmotic shock. An antibody raised against a CDPK purified from D. tertiolecta and used to isolate the DtCPK1 cDNA clone cross-reacted strongly with the 62-kDa CDPK but weakly with the 54-kDa CDPK in a Western blot, indicating that the 62-kDa CDPK is identical to DtCPK1. There was no change in the intensity of these bands after hypoosmotic shock, implying that the cellular level of the enzyme protein is not associated with hypoosmotic shock. These results indicate that CDPK is activated only by the increase in cytosolic-free Ca2+ concentration in vivo.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)545-552
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Phycology
Volume36
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2000 Jun 1
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Ca-dependent protein kinase (CDPK)
  • Dunaliella tertiolecta
  • Halotolerant green alga
  • Hypoosmotic shock
  • Sequence analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aquatic Science
  • Plant Science

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