Cloning and expression of a novel galactoside β1,3- glucuronyltransferase involved in the biosynthesis of HNK-1 epitope

Yasushi Shimoda, Youichi Tajima, Takashi Nagase, Kiyonori Harii, Noriko Osumi, Yutaka Sanai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

39 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We isolated a cDNA encoding a novel glucuronyltransferase, designated GlcAT-D, involved in the biosynthesis of the HANK-1 carbohydrate epitope from rat embryo cDNA by the degenerate polymerase chain reaction method. The new cDNA sequence revealed an open reading frame coding for a protein of 324 amino acids with type II transmembrane protein topology. The amino acid sequence of GlcAT-D displayed 50.0% identity to rat GlcAT-P, which is involved in the biosynthesis of the HANK-1 epitope on glycoproteins. Expression of GlcAT-D in COS-7 cells resulted in the formation of the HANK-1 epitope on the cell surface. The enzyme expressed in COS-7 cells transferred a glucuronic acid (GlcA) not only to asialo-orosomucoid, a glycoprotein bearing terminal N-acetyllactosamine structure, but also to paragloboside (lacto-N-neotetraosylceramide), a precursor of the HNK-1 epitope on glycolipids. Furthermore, substrate specificity analysis using a soluble chimeric form of GlcAT-D revealed that GlcAT-D transfers a GlcA not only to Galβ1-4GlcNAcβ1-3Galβ1-4Glc-pyridylamine but also to Galβ1-3GlcNAcβ1- 3Galβ1-4Glc-pyridylamine. Enzymatic hydrolysis and Smith degradation of the reaction product indicated that GlcAT-D transfers a GlcA through a β1,3- linkage to a terminal galactose. The GlcAT-D transcripts were detected in embryonic, postnatal, and adult rat brain. In situ hybridization analysis revealed that the expression pattern of GlcAT-D transcript in embryo is similar to that of GlcAT-P, but distinct expression of GlcAT-D was observed in the embryonic pallidum and retina. Regions that expressed GlcAT-D and/or GlcAT-P were always HANK-1-positive, indicating that both GlcATs are involved in the synthesis of the HANK-1 epitope in vivo.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)17115-17122
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume274
Issue number24
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1999 Jun 11
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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