The anaphylatoxin C5a receptor (C5aR, CD88 in man) plays a prominent role in mediating inflammatory and host defense processes. Direct evidence of C5aR involvement in host defense mechanisms was demonstrated recently using C5aR knockout mice. Mice deficient in C5aR were unable to clear intrapulmonary-instilled bacteria. The guinea pig system is perhaps unique for exhibiting cross-reactivity with human complement components and its high sensitivity to anaphylatoxins. Therefore, we cloned the guinea pig C5aR from a megakaryocyte cDNA library. The deduced amino acid sequence of guinea pig C5aR is 67% identical to human, 61.6% to dog, 60.2% to mouse and 63.6% to rat C5aR. Transient expression of guinea pig C5aR in COS-7 cells and stable expression on L cell fibroblasts were confirmed by FACS analysis. Competitive binding studies using [125I]C5a and stimulation of calcium mobilization by C5a proved that functional C5aR was expressed on these stably transfected L cells. The N-terminal extracellular region of guinea pig C5aR was five to seven residues shorter than the same region in C5aR from other species and sequence homology was limited to 11%. Other outer membrane loops were also poorly conserved (8-33%) when compared across five species. Transmembrane segments were highly conserved between these various species (46-86%). Guinea pig C5aR binds human C5a, therefore residues critical for C5a binding have been conserved between these species. Sequence comparison of C5aR from multiple species permits conserved elements of the ligand binding sites to be elucidated.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy