Production of IgG3 in MRL/Mp-lpr/lpr (MRL/lpr) lupus mice is one of the major factors to develop glomerulonephritis (GN) in these mice. To examine molecular characteristics of IgG3 responsible for GN in these mice, hybridoma clones producing IgG3 antibodies were prepared from one unmanipulated MRL/lpr mouse. Two clones, 2B11.3 and 7B6.8, were nephritogenic; that is, they caused severe glomerular lesions when injected to normal mice, moreover with a different histopathological manifestation. The 2B11.3 clone generated diffuse cell-proliferative lesions, while those induced by the 7B6.8 clone resembled wire loop lesions in human lupus nephritis. The cDNA sequence analysis of 7B6.8 antibody and the other IgG3 antibody, 1G3, non-nephritogenic, revealed that the C regions of the heavy and light kappa chains were completely the same between them. Furthermore, they were identical in deduced amino acid sequences to those from non-autoimmune BALB/c mice, indicating no allelic difference of Igh-8 between these two strains. The V regions of 2B11.3 and 7B6.8 antibodies were composed of different sets of VH, D, JH, Vk and Jk. Although both of the VH belonged to the J558 family, they seemed to use a different VH germline gene. These findings suggest that GN in MRL/lpr mice is generated by the expansion of clonally different B cells producing particular antibodies possibly with a different pathogenetic potency.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology