Background. Interstitial foam cells are occasionally observed in various renal diseases, and they have been reported to belong to the monocyte/macrophage (Mφ) lineage and to be associated with heavy proteinuria and hyperlipidemia. We investigated the characteristics of interstitial foam cells and their association with proteinuria and hyperlipidemia in idiopathic membranous nephropathy (MN). Methods. Patients with MN (N = 320) were divided into two groups: group I consisted of 51 patients with interstitial foam cells, and group II consisted of the other 269 without foam cells. We compared clinical parameters and the findings of an immunohistochemical study using monoclonal antibodies to various types of leukocytes and adhesion molecules. Results. The age at renal biopsy, the degree of proteinuria, serum levels of lipids, and other clinical parameters except for sex ratio were not different between the two groups. The ratio of nephrotic patients was compatible between groups I (56.9%) and II (52.8%). All interstitial foam cells were positive for CD68 and 25F9, which are markers for Mφ and mature Mφ, respectively, but were negative for CD3 or cytokeratin. Interstitial infiltrating cells were positive for CD68 and CD3 but were negative for 25F9. Furthermore, most of interstitial foam cells were positive for both leukocyte function associated antigen-1 (LFA-1) and intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1), but not for ICAM-3 (the third ligand for LFA-1). By contrast, most of infiltrating nonfoamy Mφs were positive for ICAM-3 and LFA-1, however, ICAM-1 was observed on only some of them. Conclusion. These results suggest that interstitial foam cells in MN may not depend on proteinuria nor hyperlipidemia directly. The accumulation of foam cells, which have characteristics of mature Mφ, may be related to ICAM-1 as a ligand of LFA-1, whereas infiltration of nonfoamy Mφs has a close relationship with ICAM-3. Thus, the formation of interstitial foam cells may be related to the phenotypical transformation of Mφs.
|Journal||Kidney International, Supplement|
|Publication status||Published - 1999|
- Adhesion molecule
- Alport syndrome
- Nephrotic syndrome
ASJC Scopus subject areas