Clinicopathologic features of brain metastases from gynecologic malignancies: A retrospective study of 139 cases (KCOG-G1001s trial)

Kaei Nasu, Toyomi Satoh, Shin Nishio, Yutaka Nagai, Kimihiko Ito, Takeo Otsuki, Atsushi Hongo, Yasuyuki Hirashima, Tomonori Ogura, Muneaki Shimada

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

34 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: Although brain metastases from gynecologic malignancies are rare, such cases have been gradually increasing in number. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the clinicopathologic features and prognostic factors of brain metastases from gynecologic malignancies. Methods: Retrospective analysis of 139 patients with brain metastases from gynecologic malignancies was carried out as a multi-institutional study. The clinicophathological data of the patients were collected from medical records. Results: Median survival time of the patients with brain metastases was 12.5 months for the ovarian cancer group, 6.2 months for the corpus cancer group, and 5.0 months for the cervical cancer group; two-year overall survival rates were 19.7%, 6.1%, and 4.8%, respectively. Multivariate analysis revealed ovarian/tubal/peritoneal origin, KPS > 70, single brain metastasis, absence of extracranial disease, cranial surgery, cranial radiotherapy, and chemotherapy to be independent favorable prognostic factors associated with overall survival. Conclusion: It is considered that aggressive multimodal therapy is warranted in the treatment of brain metastases from gynecologic malignancies in carefully selected patients. The present study may provide a platform for the discussion of management strategies in these rare clinical scenarios.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)198-203
Number of pages6
JournalGynecologic Oncology
Volume128
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Feb
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Brain metastases
  • Cervical cancer
  • Corpus cancer
  • Ovarian cancer
  • Prognosis
  • Radiation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology

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