Clinical significance of urinary interleukin-6 in children with reflux nephropathy

Jun Wang, Ryuichiro Konda, Hiroshi Sato, Kiyohide Sakai, Sadayoshi Ito, Seiichi Orikasa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose: We determined urinary interleukin-6 (IL-6) in children with reflux nephropathy to evaluate the clinical significance of this cytokine in the progression of renal injury. Materials and Methods: Enrolled in this study were 34 boys and 32 girls in whom 99mtechnetium dimercapto-succinic acid renal scan showed renal scarring. Vesicoureteral reflux had been corrected surgically at least 3 years before study entry. Urinary IL-6 was determined by enzymelinked immunosorbent assay using spot urine samples. Simultaneously we measured serum creatinine, β2-microglobulin, α1-microglobulin, urinary α1-microglobulin and albumin. In addition, IL-6 expression was assessed by immunohistochemical study in the scarred kidneys of 3 boys and 1 girl who underwent nephrectomy due to severe reflux nephropathy with little function on renal scan. Results: Urinary IL-6 was significantly higher in children with severe bilateral renal scarring than in those with mild scarring and normal controls. Urinary IL-6 correlated significantly with serum α1-microglobulin (Spearman test p <0.03), β2-microglobulin (p <0.003), creatinine (p <0.02) and urinary albumin (p <0.0001). Histological evaluation revealed that IL-6 was predominantly expressed in the tubules in and adjacent to flbrotic areas. Conclusions: Our observations indicate that tubular IL-6 may be involved in the pathogenesis of tubulointerstitial injury in reflux nephropathy and urinary IL-6 may be a useful tool for monitoring the progression of reflux nephropathy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)210-214
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Urology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2001


  • Interleukin-6
  • Kidney
  • Kidney tubules
  • Vesico-ureteral reflux

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology


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